Trends and Challenges of Unemployment Rate by Gender in the Republic of Kosovo: A Regional Comparative Study

Author(s)

Kaltrina Bunjaku , Shpresa Syla ,

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Volume 7 - April 2018 (04)

Abstract

The Republic of Kosovo is facing numerous problems in many areas, such as political situation, low economic growth, high unemployment, and high trade deficit. In general the situation of Kosovo's economy is in a deep crisis for many years now. Weak labor market indicators and high level of unemployment, remain great concern and persisting challenges for the country.The aim of this study is to examine the development of unemployment rate by gender for the period 2005-2015 in the Republic of Kosovo from a multi-dimensional perspective  ,which is based on official data from the Labor Force Survey (LFS) conducted by Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS) for the case of the Republic of Kosovo. This is achieved by comparing national trends with other selected Balkan countries, such as Macedonia, Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina using LFSs data provided by International Labor Organization and state statistical institutes of the respective countries.Findings show that the rate of unemployment in the Republic of Kosovo is significantly higher than in other countries. A decreasing trend exists throughout the observed period, with drop of 8.5 percent point from 2005 – 2015 and with R-squared value 0.6409. The inequality between male and female unemployment rate in the Republic of Kosovo is noticed. The average of male unemployment rate was 34.4% and the female unemployment rate was 50%. Findings show that averages of unemployment rate by gender compared to the Balkan selected countries were 22%, respectively 24.2%. When observing the unemployment among various age groups and the level of education attainment, notable disparities are evident.

Keywords

Labor market, male unemployment; female unemployment; age groups; education attainment.

References

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