The Instruments of Risk Management as an Opportunity for the Healthcare Organizations


Federico de Andreis , MD. Nicola Fredella , Dr. Benedetto Castelli , Prof. Silvia De Marco ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 35-40 | Views: 894 | Downloads: 282 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3496871

Volume 8 - July 2019 (07)


The purpose of this paper is to review literature and instruments concerning the risk prevention in the healthcare system. After explaining the clinical risk and the degrees of riskiness, the focus of the article is to highlight the approach and the instruments to manage the risk. Deployment of healthcare risk management has traditionally focused on the important role of patient safety and the reduction of errors that jeopardize an organization’s ability to achieve its mission and protect against financial liability; therefore it is vital for the organizations being able to expand their risk management programs from ones that are primarily reactive and promote patient safety and prevent legal/economic exposure, to ones that are increasingly proactive and view risk through the much broader lens of the entire healthcare.  


Risk Management, Risk, Healthcare


i.            Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (2012). Open disclosure standard: a national standard for open communication in public and private hospitals, following an adverse event in health care.

ii.            Clements R.V. (1995). Essentials of clinical risk management. Quality in Health Care Vol. 4 Issue 2, 129-134.

iii.            De Andreis F. (2017) Teamwork e controllo del rischio nelle professioni sanitarie. Natan Edizioni, Rome.

iv.            Dickson G. (1995). Principles of risk management. Quality in Health Care Vol. 4 Issue 2, 75-79.

v.            Hales B., Terblanche M.,  Fowler R.  and  Sibbald W. (2008). Development of medical checklists for improved quality of patient care. International Journal for Quality in Health Care Vol. 20, Issue 1,  22-30.

vi.            Kraman, S. S., & Hamm, G. (1999). Risk management: extreme honesty may be the best policy. Annals of Internal Medicine Vol. 131, Issue 12, 963-967.

vii.            Reason  J. (1990). Human Error. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

viii.            Reason  J. (2000). Human Error: Models and Management. British Medical Journal, 320, 767-768.

ix.            Reason J. (1997). Managing the Risk of Organizational Accidents. Ashagate, Farnham.

x.            Sokol M.C., McGuigan K.A., Verbrugge R.R. and Epstein R.S. (2005) Impact of Medication Adherence on Hospitalization Risk and Healthcare Cost.  Medical Care Vol. 43, Issue 6, 521-530.

Cite this Article: