Workplace Spirituality Paradigm at Public and Private Schools of Punjab, Pakistan

Author(s)

Muhammad Arshad , Dr Zia Ahmad Qamar , Saeed Ahmad ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 35-41 | Views: 1311 | Downloads: 347 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3490324

Volume 7 - December 2018 (12)

Abstract

The main focus of this paper was to compare the workplace spirituality paradigm at public and private schools. The study was quantitative, descriptive in nature and survey method was approached to collect data. The researchers developed rating scale comprising of seventeen dimensions of workplace spirituality paradigm which was upgraded and validated in the response of expert educational opinion and piloted before actual data collection. The sample of the study was 270 participants of public and private schools of the division Sahiwal. The dimensions of workplace spirituality like teachers satisfied with their job, work connectedness with life requirement, teachers think about values and worth of the institution, linking of work and social goodness of community, promotion of creativeness of spirit of community, work spirituality reduces job pressure, teachers work in the institution as a family, and the teachers feel sense of joy are best experienced in public schools as compared to private schools. The dimensions of workplace spirituality like meaningfulness in work, teachers promote climate of mutual trust and respect, discipline is maintained, priority of caring is important, sense of humanity at workplace, increase energy value and spirit of the teachers at the workplace, connectedness with goals and objectives of the institution and the teachers goes to institution happily experienced better in private schools as compared to public schools.

Keywords

Workplace Spirituality, Public schools, Dimensions, Meaningful work, Sense of humanity, Compared. 

References

                      i.            Adawiyah, W. R., Shariff, M. N. M., Saud, M. B., & Mokhtar, S. S. M. (2011). Workplace spirituality as a moderator in the relationship between soft TQM and organizational commitment. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(10).

      ii.            Ahmad, A., & Omar, Z. (2016). Workplace spirituality among Malaysian community service employees in the public sector. Asian Social Science, 12(9).

    iii.            Awan, S., & Sitwat, A. (2014). Workplace spirituality, self esteem, and psychological well-being among mental health professionals. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 29(1), 125-149.

     iv.            Bakhtiari, Z., Fathi, D., Ahagh M. M. H., Hosseininejad, S. N., & Ahmadboukan, S. (2018). The relationship between workplace spirituality, job satisfaction and attitude toward death among the staff of the emergency department. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly. 3(3), pp. 159-165. https://doi.org/10.29252/NRIP.HDQ.3.3.159.

       v.            Beheshtifar, M., & Zare, E. (2013). Effect of spirituality in workplace on job performance. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 5(2).

     vi.            Bell, A., Rajendran, D., & Theiler, S. (2012). Spirituality at work: An employee stress intervention for academics? International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(11).

   vii.            Biswakarm, G. (2018). Impact of workplace spirituality on employee productivity in Nepalese hospitality organizations. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education, vol. 8, pp. 62-76.

 viii.            Campbell, J. K., & Hwa, Y. S. (2014). Workplace spirituality and organizational commitment influence on job performance among academic staff. Jurnal Pengurusan, 40(2014).

     ix.            Chia, C. M. (2012). The influence of workplace spirituality on motivations for earnings management: A study in Taiwan’s hospitality industry. Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism, 3(1), pp. 1-11, DOI: 10.5897/JHMT11.017.

       x.            Emery, E. (2016). A call to being a spiritual leader in the workplace. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 6(10).

     xi.            Fahri, K. (2010). Spirituality and performance in organizations: A literature review. Journal of Business Ethics, 94(1), pp. 89–106.

   xii.            Fernando, M., & Nilakant, V. (2008). The place of self-actualisation in workplace spirituality: Evidence from Sri Lanka. Culture and Religion, 9(3).

 xiii.            Ferreira, A. (2013). Examining workers perceptions of spirituality in the workplace: An exploratory study. Management and Marketing, 8(2), pp. 231-260.

 xiv.            Fourie, M. (2014). Spirituality in the workplace: An introductory overview. In die Skriflig, 48(1), Art. #1769, 8 pages. http://dx.doi. org/10.4102/ids.v48i1.1769

   xv.            Giacalone, R. A., & Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2003). Right from wrong: The influence of spirituality on perceptions of unethical business activities. Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 46, pp. 85-97.

 xvi.            Giacalone, R.A., & Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2003). Toward a science of workplace spirituality. Handbook of workplace spirituality and organizational performance. New York: M E Sharpe Armonk, pp. 3–28.

xvii.            Hassan, M., Nadeem, A. B., & Akhter, A. (2016). Impact of workplace spirituality on job satisfaction: Mediating effect of trust. Cogent Business and Management, 3(1).

xviii.            Jena, L. K., & Pradhan, R. K. (2014). Workplace spirituality and work-life balance: An empirical introspection in Indian manufacturing industries. International Journal of Applied Psychology, 4(4).

 xix.            Ke, J. L., Zhang, F. J., Yan, X. C., & Fu, Y. (2017). The Effect of University Teachers’ Workplace Spirituality on Employee Engagement: Professional Commitment as Mediator. Creative Education, vol. 8, pp. 2147-2154. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2017.813145.

   xx.            Khan, K. E., Khan, S. E., & Chaudhry, A. G. (2015). Impact of servant leadership on workplace spirituality: Moderating role of involvement culture. Pakistan Journal of Science, 67(1).

 xxi.            Kumpikaite, V., & Valiuniene. (2014). Spirituality at work: Comparison analysis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 150(2014), 1205-1212.

xxii.            Liang, J., Peng, L., Zhao, S., & Wu, H. (2017). Relationship among workplace spirituality, meaning in life, and psychological well-being of teachers. Universal Journal of Educational Research 5(6), pp. 1008-1013, http://www.hrpub.org DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050613.

xxiii.            Mark, R. Bandsuch., & Gerald, F. Cavanagh. (2005). Integrating Spirituality into the Workplace: Theory and Practice. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 2(2), 221-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14766080509518581.

xxiv.            Marschke, E., Preziosi, R., & Harrington. (2009). Professional and executives support a relationship between organizational commitment and spirituality in the workplace. Journal of business & Economics Research, 7(8).

xxv.            McGhee, P., & Grant, P. (2008). Spirituality and ethical behaviour in the workplace: Wishful thinking or authentic reality. Electronic Journal of Business, Ethics and Organization Studies, 13(2).

xxvi.            Mousa, M., & Alas, R. (2016). Organizational Culture and Workplace Spirituality. Arabian Journal of Business Management Review, 6(3), doi:10.4172/2223-5833.1000212.

xxvii.            Nicolaides, A. (2016). Spirituality and cultural diversity: Serving the hospitality industry workplace. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 5(1).

xxviii.            Nuzulia, S., & Rupiati. (2016). The relationship between teachers workplace spirituality and job satisfaction with the perception of transformational leadership as a variable moderator. The Social Sciences, 11(7), 1242-1247.

xxix.            Pradhan, R. K., Jena, L. K., & Soto, C. M. (2017). Workplace spirituality in Indian organizations: Construction of reliable and valid measurement scale. Verslas: Teorija Ir Praktika/Business: Theory And Practice, vol. 18, pp. 43–53.

xxx.            Sandhu, D. (2015). Workplace spirituality: A new paradigm for teachers. Indian Journal of Research, Paripex, 4(8).

xxxi.            Schutte, P. J. W. (2016). Workplace spirituality: A tool or a trend?. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 72(4), a3294. http://dx.doi. org/10.4102/hts.v72i4.3294.

xxxii.            Sheng, C. W., & Chen, M. C. (2012). Workplace spirituality scale design: The view of oriental culture. Business and Management Research, 1(4).

xxxiii.            Usman, A., & Danish, R. Q. (2010). Leadership spirituality in banking professionals and its impact on organizational commitment. International Journal of Business and Management, 5(3).

xxxiv.            Wahid, N. K. A., & Norizah, M. M. (2014). Communities of Practice, Workplace Spirituality, and Knowledge Sharing. International Business and Management, 9 (1), 35-43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/4893.

xxxv.            Wainaina, L., Iravo, M., & Waititu, A. (2014). Workplace spirituality as a determinant of organizational commitment amongst academic staff in the private and public universities in Kenya. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4(12).

Cite this Article: