Please Wait! Your file will start to download within 10 seconds automatically. Otherwise click here Download

Impact of Self-Efficacy and Learning Goal Orientation on Psychological Detachment with the Mediating Role of Emotional Intelligence


Rehana Kosar , Shifa Rathore , Asadullah Khan , Humaira Arzoo , Faraset Sabir ,

Download Full PDF Pages: 32-45 | Views: 819 | Downloads: 170 | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5824499

Volume 10 - December 2021 (12)


The main determination of the study is to find out the connection between self-effective and learning goal orientation in the presence of emotional intelligence and their influence on psychological detachment. The study also observes how emotional intelligence controls the connection of self-efficacy, learning goal orientation, and psychological detachment and to find out the best possible keys that may contribute to exploiting the best self-efficacy and learning goal orientation not only for emotionally smart people but for others whose emotional intelligence score is minor. The result of this study would be based on the data collected from different organizations, genders, and age groups upon worldwide agreed definitions of all the above-stated terms. The suggested study covers major emotional determinants that may affect the enactment of entities and organizations. The study covers the area of the academic sector which will help the teachers and principals to manage stress and workload. This study is also beneficial for the person who belonged to this sector. In this research, we surveyed employees working in the Pakistani educational sector and focused on the psychological detachment of teachers and Principals.  Among the total usable responses, 243(70%) were used through quantitative research methodology ad interpreted results through SPSS. The results show that self-efficacy and learning goal orientation significantly influence psychological detachment and Emotional intelligence in the sampled organizations. We further pore over that Emotional intelligence considerably partially mediates the link between self-efficacy and psychological detachment as well as between learning goal orientation and psychological detachment


Self-Efficacy, Psychological Detachment, Learning Goal Orientation, Emotional intelligence. 


                  i.            Ahmed, O. M., Ishak, A. K., & Kamil, B. A. M. (2021). Academics' life satisfaction: the role of perceived stress, organisational justice and self-efficacy. International Journal of Management in Education, 15(1), 1-22.

      ii.            Alessandri, G., Filosa, L., Eisenberg, N., & Caprara, G. V. (2021). Within-Individual Relations of Emotional, Social, and Work Self-Efficacy Beliefs to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Journal of Research in Personality, 104073.

    iii.            Alipour, M., Mousavi, P., Afshary, P., & Hossein, M. (2020). The relationship of emotional intelligence with self-efficacy in midwives working in maternity blocks in Khuzestan. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research| Oct-Dec, 10(4), 111.

     iv.            Anderman, E. M., & Maehr, M. L. (1994). Motivation and schooling in the middle grades. Review of educational Research, 64(2), 287-309.

       v.            Bakker, A. B., Petrou, P., Den Kamp, E. M. O., & Tims, M. (2020). Proactive vitality management, work engagement, and creativity: The role of goal orientation. Applied Psychology, 69(2), 351-378.

     vi.            Bandura, A., & Adams, N. E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive therapy and research, 1(4), 287-310.

   vii.            Batool, B. F. (2013). Emotional intelligence and effective leadership. Journal of business studies quarterly, 4(3), 84.

 viii.            Black, J., Kim, K., Rhee, S., Wang, K., & Sakchutchawan, S. (2019). Self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. Team Performance Management: An International Journal.

     ix.            Boyatzis, R. E., Stubbs, E. C., & Taylor, S. N. (2002). Learning cognitive and emotional intelligence competencies through graduate management education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 1(2), 150-162.

       x.            Carmeli, A. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and work attitudes, behavior and outcomes: An examination among senior managers. Journal of managerial Psychology, 18(8), 788-813.Clauss, E., Hoppe, A., Schachler, V., & O’Shea, D. (2020). Occupational self-efficacy and work engagement as moderators in the stressor-detachment model. Work & Stress, 1-19.

     xi.            Clayton, R. W., Thomas, C. H., Singh, B., & Winkel, D. E. (2015). Exercise as a means of reducing perceptions of work‐family conflict: A test of the roles of self‐efficacy and psychological strain. Human Resource Management, 54(6), 1013-1035.

   xii.            Clinton, M. E., Conway, N., & Sturges, J. (2017). “It’s tough hanging-up a call”: The relationships between calling and work hours, psychological detachment, sleep quality, and morning vigor. Journal of occupational health psychology, 22(1), 28.

 xiii.            Ebert, D. D., Berking, M., Thiart, H., Riper, H., Laferton, J. A., Cuijpers, P., ... & Lehr, D. (2015). Restoring depleted resources: Efficacy and mechanisms of change of an internet-based unguided recovery training for better sleep and psychological detachment from work. Health Psychology, 34(S), 1240.

 xiv.            Froese, F. J., Peltokorpi, V., Varma, A., & Hitotsuyanagi‐Hansel, A. (2019). Merit‐based rewards, job satisfaction and voluntary turnover: moderating effects of employee demographic characteristics. British Journal of Management, 30(3), 610-623.

   xv.            Germeys, L., & De Gieter, S. (2018). A diary study on the role of psychological detachment in the spillover of self-control demands to employees’ ego depletion and the crossover to their partner. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 27(1), 140-152.

 xvi.            Gilmore, L., & Cuskelly, M. (2012). Parenting satisfaction and self-efficacy: A longitudinal study of mothers of children with Down syndrome. Journal of Family Studies, 18(1), 28-35.

xvii.            Greenier, V., Derakhshan, A., & Fathi, J. (2021). Emotion regulation and psychological well-being in teacher work engagement: A case of British and Iranian English language teachers. System, 97, 102446.

xviii.            Hopla, J. J. (2014). Self-efficacy: undergraduate program evaluation of general (Doctoral dissertation, University of Idaho).

 xix.            Huerta, M., Goodson, P., Beigi, M., & Chlup, D. (2017). Graduate students as academic writers: writing anxiety, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. Higher Education Research & Development, 36(4), 716-729.

   xx.            Kaplan, A., & Maehr, M. L. (2007). The contributions and prospects of goal orientation theory. Educational psychology review, 19(2), 141-184.

 xxi.            Kim, D. H., Bassett, S. M., So, S., & Voisin, D. R. (2019). Family stress and youth mental health problems: Self-efficacy and future orientation mediation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 89(2), 125.

xxii.            Lakshmi, K. N., & Rao, K. S. (2018). A Study on Role of Emotional Intelligence on Employee Performance. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(3).

xxiii.            Liu, Y., & Perrewe, P. L. (2005). Another look at the role of emotion in the organizational change: A process model. Human Resource Management Review, 15(4), 263-280.

xxiv.            Mayer, J., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. (2004). Psychological Inquiry: An International Journal for the Advancement of Psychological Theory. Psychological Inquiry, 15(3), 197-215.

xxv.            Misron, A., & Hee, O. C. (2021). A Conceptual Analysis of Personality Traits, Emotional Intelligence and Customer-Oriented Behaviour among Malaysian Nursing Students.

xxvi.            Monteiro, A. P., Soares, A. M., & Rua, O. L. (2019). Linking intangible resources and entrepreneurial orientation to export performance: the mediating effect of dynamic capabilities. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 4(3), 179-187.

xxvii.            Naeem, K., Jawad, A., Rehman, S. U., & Javaid, U. (2021). Psychological Wellbeing, Job Burnout and Counter Productive Work Behavior among Drivers of Car Hailing Services in Pakistan: Moderating Role of Captains’ Personality Traits. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 10(1), pp-19.

xxviii.            Ng, T. W., & Wang, M. (2019). An actor–partner interdependence model of employees’ and coworkers’ innovative behavior, psychological detachment, and strain reactions. Personnel Psychology, 72(3), 445-476.

xxix.            Pastor, I. (2014). Leadership and emotional intelligence: the effect on performance and attitude. Procedia Economics and Finance, 15, 985-992.

xxx.            Pellegrini, P. G., Tolfo, S. D. R., Bolze, S. D. A., & D’Cruz, P. (2021). The interface between significant others and workplace bullying, emotional abuse and harassment. Pathways of Job-related Negative Behaviour, 423-446.

xxxi.            Rivera-Pérez, S., Fernandez-Rio, J., & Iglesias Gallego, D. (2021). Effects of an 8-Week Cooperative Learning Intervention on Physical Education Students’ Task and Self-Approach Goals, and Emotional Intelligence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(1), 61.

xxxii.            Shariq, S. M., Mukhtar, U., & Anwar, S. (2019). Mediating and moderating impact of goal orientation and emotional intelligence on the relationship of knowledge oriented leadership and knowledge sharing. Journal of Knowledge Management.

xxxiii.            Shepherd, D. A., Patzelt, H., & Wolfe, M. (2011). Moving forward from project failure: Negativeemotions, affective commitment, and learning from the experience. Academy of Management Journal, 54(6), 1229-1259

xxxiv.            Sonnentag, S. (2012). Psychological detachment from work during leisure time: The benefits of mentally disengaging from work. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(2), 114-118.

xxxv.            Sonnentag, S., & Kruel, U. (2006). Psychological detachment from work during off-job time: The role of job stressors, job involvement, and recovery-related self-efficacy. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15(2), 197-217.

xxxvi.            Tement, S., Zorjan, S., Lavrič, M., Poštuvan, V., & Plohl, N. (2020). A randomized controlled trial to improve psychological detachment from work and well-being among employees: a study protocol comparing online CBT-based and mindfulness interventions. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1-15.

xxxvii.            Thiptanamanee, P., & Ussahawanitchakit, P. (2016). Learning orientation, emotional intelligence and job success: an empirical research of automobile industry in Thailand. The Business & Management Review, 7(5), 212.

xxxviii.            Thompson, C. L., Kuah, A. T., Foong, R., & Ng, E. S. (2019). The development of emotional intelligence, self‐efficacy, and locus of control in Master of Business Administration students. Human Resource Development Quarterly.

xxxix.            Tian, Q., & Robertson, J. L. (2019). How and when does perceived CSR affect employees’ engagement in voluntary pro-environmental behavior?. Journal of Business Ethics, 155(2), 399-412.

     xl.            Tong, J., Chong, S., Chen, J., Johnson, R. E., & Ren, X. (2020). The Interplay of Low Identification, Psychological Detachment, and Cynicism for Predicting Counterproductive Work Behaviour. Applied Psychology, 69(1), 59-92. Van Dam, A., Noordzij, G., & Born, M. P. (2020). Linking the fit between achievement goal orientation and learning opportunities with employee well-being and absenteeism. Journal of Personnel Psychology. Z

   xli.            Weigelt, O., Gierer, P., & Syrek, C. J. (2019). My Mind is Working Overtime—Towards an Integrative Perspective of Psychological Detachment, Work-Related Rumination, and Work Reflection. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(16), 2987.

 xlii.            Yu, Q., Yen, D. A., Barnes, B. R., & Huang, Y. A. (2019). Enhancing firm performance through internal market orientation and employee organizational commitment. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 30(6), 964-987.

xliii.            Zheng, J., Zhang, Z., Wu, G., Yang, Y., Xia, N., & Liu, B. (2021). Daily Self-Efficacy, Work Engagement, and Deviance Behavior among Construction Professionals and Workers: Cross-Level Moderating Role of Job Control. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 147(4).

Cite this Article: